Short and Long Essay on Flood in English

In this article you will find long and short Essay, Paragraph, Article on Flood for nursery essay, lkg essay, ukg essay, 1st to 12th, IAS, IPS Banking and other competitive exams essay and more. Essay of 200, 300, 400, 500 & 700 words for kids and students in Very Simple & Easy Words.

The severity of floods can vary from region to region and the destruction caused by the same also varies. Whenever you need to write an essay on this subject, we have provided essays of different lengths to help you on this subject. You can choose the essay on any flood as per your requirement:

(1) 200 Words – Essay on Flood for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Floods mostly occur in areas where there is excessive rainfall and poor drainage system. Other causes of flooding include the flow of water from rivers and oceans, excessive runoff of water into the plains due to dam breakdown, excessive water intake due to sudden melting of glaciers. Storms and tsunamis cause flooding in coastal areas. Floods can also be a major cause of destruction as are other natural disasters.

Many towns and cities around the world are suffering from heavy floods causing damage to people and animals resulting in loss of property and other valuable assets and soil and plants. Farmers are also affected by floods because their weather is ruined due to this weather condition. Water collected for several days at a particular place also causes outbreaks of various diseases. Schools and offices are closed when the situation becomes severe due to floods and this causes problems to the normal life of the people. Places experiencing severe flooding take months to return to normal.

Ironically, there are some areas which are often affected by floods and even though the government is aware of this problem, proper measures are not being taken to overcome it. Government should build good drainage system and water storage system to control this problem.


300 Words – Essay on Flood for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Flood waters caused by heavy rains have led to fatal consequences due to diseases. This leads to loss of life, increase in diseases, price rise, economic loss and destruction of environment among other issues. Floods depend on their type and severity.

Types of floods

Sometimes the flood can be controlled in a few days while sometimes it is controlled in weeks, which has a bad effect on the lives of the people living in that area. Here is a look at different types of floods:

    Slow flood

This type of flood occurs when the amount of water in the rivers becomes excessive and the surrounding areas are affected. This type of flood develops slowly and can last from a few days to a few weeks. It spreads for many kilometers and mostly affects the lowlands. Due to the floods in such areas, the accumulated water can cause loss of property and property and various diseases can also arise.

    High speed flood

They take some time to be constructed and such floods may last for a day or two. Such floods are also highly destructive. However, most people are also warned about these and should try to avoid them before the situation gets worse. Tourists planning a vacation to such places should cancel their plans and try to avoid this situation if there is time.

    Flash flood

Such floods occur mostly within a short period of time such as a few hours or minutes. This is mostly due to heavy rain, snow or dam breakage. This type of flood is considered to be the most deadly and can also cause massive destruction as it happens almost suddenly and people have no time to take precautions.

The conclusion

Floods in the affected areas disrupt day-to-day functioning. Floods cause various problems for people living in these areas. It takes months to rebuild life in areas affected by heavy floods and sometimes even years.


400 Words – Essay on Flood for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

A flood is a natural disaster caused by the accumulation of excessive water in an area. This is often the result of heavy rain. Many areas face floods due to rising levels of river or sea water, breakdown of dams and melting of ice. Storms and tsunamis in coastal areas cause this situation.

Flood affected areas around the world

There is a possibility of frequent flooding in many areas around the world. Cities around the world that have suffered severe and persistent flooding include Mumbai and Kolkata in India, Guangzhou, Shenzen and Tianjin in China, Ecuador, New York, New Jersey, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Miami, and New Orleans. In the past, there is destruction in these areas due to floods.

How to control the problem caused by floods?

Floods have many negative consequences that are difficult to deal with – from disrupting human life to damaging the environment. Thus controlling floods is very important. Here are some ways to control this problem:

    Flood warning system

Installing better flood warning systems is the need of the hour so that people are warned about the upcoming problem at the right time and have enough time to protect themselves and their belongings.

    Construction of buildings in flood affected area

Buildings in the flood affected area should be constructed above the flood water level to protect property from damage as well as the people living there.

    Introduction of water storage system

The government should invest in building water storage systems to reuse rain water. In this way, water can be used excessively instead of overflowing the water in the plains and causing flooding.

    Strengthen the drainage system

One of the main causes of flooding is poor drainage system. To avoid drainage, it is necessary to have a good drainage system that does not cause flooding.

    Install flood barrier

Flood barriers should be installed in areas which are affected by floods. They can be removed once the water runs out.

The conclusion

Although it may be difficult to prevent rain events, melting of snow-mountains, drainages and storms, in most of these cases it may be pre-emptive and the government can take measures to ensure drainage which creates flood situation May occur. Flood conditions can be avoided by employing some of the methods shared above.


500 Words – Essay on Flood for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Flood conditions are caused by heavy rains, overflow of water from water bodies such as rivers and oceans, melting glaciers, storms and strong winds along coastal shores. This water causes flooding when there is a lack of good drainage system to drain excess water.

Consequences of flood

The flood water disrupts the normal functioning of the affected area. Severe flooding can result in mass destruction. Here’s how floods affect the earth:

    Endanger life

Many people and animals lose their lives due to severe floods. Due to this many people are injured and infected with various diseases. In many places, the water that is collected for breeding mosquitoes and other insects is the cause of various diseases like malaria and dengue. Recently there has been an increase in cases of dysentery, pneumonic plague and military fever.

    Power cut

Nowadays electricity and water supply has been disrupted due to which the problems of the general public are increasing. There is also a risk of catching current in places where the power supply is intact.

    Economic loss

Many people lose their homes and other properties such as cars, motorcycles in floods which take years to purchase. This is a matter of concern for the government as many policemen, firemen and other officers have to be deployed for property rescue operations. It takes years to remodel the affected areas in cases of severe flooding.

    Price rise

The supply of goods in flood affected areas is reduced because road transport cannot reach there. Apart from this, goods stored in these areas also get spoiled due to floods. There is a shortage of supply and demand is high and thus the prices of goods rise.

    Soil erosion

When the torrential rains occur, the soil is not able to absorb the entire water and this often leads to soil erosion which has terrible consequences. Besides soil erosion, soil quality is also affected.


Floods are not only a threat to humans and animals but also a threat to vegetation. Heavy rains are often accompanied by thunder, lightning and strong winds. Storms are one reason for uprooting trees. Apart from this, crops are damaged during floods and many other plants are also destroyed.

Flood affected areas in India

From year to year many areas in India have to face the problem of floods. Major areas affected by this natural disaster in the country are North Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal, Mumbai, Maharashtra, Punjab and parts of Haryana, coastal Andhra Pradesh and Odisha, Brahmaputra Valley and most of the Gangetic plains including South Gujarat. These places have suffered severe damage in the past due to floods and are still facing danger.

The conclusion

Floods are one of the natural disasters that have caused major destruction in various areas. It is time that the Indian government should take this problem seriously and take strong measures to control this problem.


600 Words – Essay on Flood for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Flooding occurs when the amount of water flowing over the ground increases due to excessive rainfall in a particular dry area. It can also be caused by overflow of water from water bodies like river, ocean and lake. Floods are known to cause mass destruction. In some areas the cause of the destruction is so severe that the damage takes years to repair.

Due to flood

A look at various causes of floods is as follows:

    Heavy rain

Flood conditions can be caused by poor drainage systems. Sometimes short periods of heavy rain can also cause flooding, while on the other hand light rain lasting for several days can also create flood-like situation.

    Ice melting

During the winter season, the mountains which are covered with snow start melting as the temperature rises. Sudden melting of ice is due to increasing temperature and consequently increases the amount of water in the plains. Flood situation is created due to lack of proper drainage system in areas where there is excessive water content. This is often referred to as a snow melt flood.

    Dam break

Dams are built to flow water from a height. Propellers are used to make electricity from water. Many times the dams break because they are unable to hold large amounts of water, resulting in flooding of the surrounding areas. Sometimes excessive water is released intentionally from the dam to prevent it from breaking. This can also result in flooding.

    Overflow of water bodies

Repeated flooding of water bodies such as rivers, etc. can cause a flood-like situation in the surrounding areas. The low lying areas near the rivers are the most affected during this time as the water flows downstream from the river.

    Coastal winds

Strong winds and storms have the ability to carry sea water to dry coastal areas that cause flooding. This can cause serious damage in coastal areas. Hurricanes and tsunamis are known to cause major destruction in coastal lands.

Global warming: the main cause of floods

The frequency of floods has increased in recent times. It is said that global warming has led to a significant rise in average sea temperatures and has increased the rate and hardness of tropical storms in the Caribbean. These storms have caused heavy rains in their countries. Global warming, which is causing an increase in the temperature of the atmosphere, is also a cause of melting of glaciers and ice which again cause flooding in many areas. It is said that polar ice will again be affected again in the coming years, which is likely to worsen the situation.

There has been a major change in the overall climatic conditions on Earth and global warming is considered to be the reason for this change. While some areas experience extreme flooding, others experience drought.

The conclusion

Although we cannot stop the rain or glaciers from melting, we can certainly build a good drainage system to deal with floodwaters. Most of the countries like Singapore get heavy rainfall throughout the year but there is good drainage system. There is no problem there even during heavy rainy days. The Government of India should also build good drainage system to avoid the problem of floods and damage in the affected areas.

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