Short and Long Essay on Drought in English

In this article you will find long and short Essay, Paragraph, Article on Drought for nursery essay, lkg essay, ukg essay, 1st to 12th, IAS, IPS Banking and other competitive exams essay and more. Essay of 200, 300, 400, 500 & 700 words for kids and students in Very Simple & Easy Words.

Drought occurs when parts of the world are deprived of rain for months or even for the whole year. There are many reasons that cause drought-like conditions in different parts and make the condition serious. To help you with this topic, we have provided here some short and long essays of different lengths on drought. You can choose any of the essays given below:

(1) 200 Words – Essay on Drought for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Drought, which is characterized by prolonged absence or less rainfall in a particular region, is often caused by a variety of causes, including global warming, deforestation, and many other human activities. This climatic condition can have a devastating effect on the environment as well as living beings. Some of the effects of the drought include crop failure, financial loss, price rise and soil degradation.

Many Indian states have been affected by the drought that can cause mass destruction of crops and disrupt the normal functioning of society. Many people died of starvation in many parts. In view of the unfavorable problems faced by the people in such areas, the Government of India has initiated various drought relief schemes but a lot more needs to be done to control this problem and deal with its after effects.

Some suggested solutions in this direction are rainwater harvesting, recycling and reuse of water, controlling deforestation, seawater desalination, cloud seeding, planting more plants and trees, preventing overall water wastage etc. However, most of these works cannot be done. The general public should support these efforts. Thus every person should take the responsibility of preventing this problem.


300 Words – Essay on Drought for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Drought, which results from lack of water, is mainly due to lack of rain. The situation is problematic and can prove fatal for people living in drought-affected areas. This is especially a curse for farmers because it destroys their crops. Soil becomes less fertile even in conditions like continuous drought.

Due to drought

There are many factors that form the basis of drought. See these reasons in detail here:


Deforestation is said to be one of the main causes of rainfall deficiency leading to drought conditions. Evaporation of water, the need for adequate water on the land and adequate amount of trees and vegetation on the land is needed to attract rain. Deforestation and the construction of concrete buildings in their place have caused a major imbalance in the environment. This reduces the soil’s water-holding capacity and increases evaporation. These two are the reason for less rainfall.

    Low surface water flow

Rivers and lakes are the main sources of surface water in various regions around the world. Due to excessive summer or the use of surface water for various human activities, the water in these sources dries up causing drought.

    Global warming

Everyone is aware of the negative impact of global warming on the environment. Other issues are the emission of greenhouse gases in which the increase in the Earth’s temperature results in increased evaporation. High temperatures are also the cause of forest fires that promote drought conditions.

Apart from this, excessive irrigation is also one of the reasons for drought as it dissipates the surface water.

The conclusion

However, the cause of drought is known to a large extent to all of us and is mostly the result of misuse of water resources and non-environment friendly human activities. Not much is being done to prevent this problem. It is time that governments of various countries should join hands to overcome this global issue.


400 Words – Essay on Drought for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Drought occurs when an area receives less than or equal to the average amount of rainfall, causing water shortages, failure of crops, and disruption of normal activities. Various factors such as global warming, deforestation and construction of buildings have led to drought.

Type of drought

Some areas are characterized by long-term lack of rain, other areas receive less than average amounts in a year and some areas can withstand drought – hence the location and periodicity of drought and drought. Varies from. Here’s a look at the different types of droughts:

    Meteorological drought

When there is a decrease in rainfall for a particular period in an area – it may be for a few days, months, weather or year – it is affected by meteorological drought. An area in India is considered to be affected by meteorological drought when the annual rainfall is 75% less than the average rainfall.

    Hydrological drought

It is basically associated with water reduction. Hydrological drought is often the result of two successive meteorological droughts. They are divided into two categories:

  Surface water dry –     Ground water drought

Soil moisture dry

This situation, as the name suggests, involves insufficient soil moisture that impedes the growth of crops. This is the result of meteorological drought as it reduces the water supply in the soil and causes more water loss due to evaporation.

Agricultural drought

When meteorological or hydrological drought has a negative effect on crop yield in an area, it is considered to be affected by agricultural drought.


This is the most severe drought situation. People in such areas do not have access to food and there is widespread starvation and devastation. The government needs to intervene in such a situation and food is supplied to these places from other places.

Socio-economic drought

This situation occurs when crop failure and social security decrease food availability and income.

The conclusion

Drought is a difficult situation, especially if the severity of the drought is high. Every year many people are affected by drought. While the occurrence of drought is a natural occurrence, we can certainly reduce human activities that can cause such a situation. The government should take effective measures to deal with the after effects.


500 Words – Essay on Drought for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Drought, a condition in which there is little or no rainfall, is classified into various categories including meteorological drought, famine, socio-economic drought, hydrological drought and agricultural drought. Whatever be the drought, it disturbs the normal functioning of the affected areas.

Effects of drought

Drought-hit areas take a long time to recover from disaster, especially if the severity of the drought is high. Drought worsens the daily lives of people and has a wide impact on various sectors. Here is how it affects the lives of people living in this natural disaster affected area:

    Agricultural loss

Drought has a major impact on agriculture and other related areas as they are directly dependent on land and surface water. Reduced crop yields, low rates of livestock production, plant disease and increased wind erosion are some of the major effects of drought.

    Financial loss for farmers

Farmers are most affected by the drought. Crops are not produced in drought-affected areas and the sole income of farmers is generated through farming. The farmer is most affected by this situation. In an effort to meet their needs, many farmers take loans which later become difficult for them to repay. Suicides of farmers are also common due to such a situation.

    Risk of wildlife

Drought has led to an increase in forest fire cases and affects high-risk wildlife populations. Many wild animals lose their lives due to burning of forests, while many others lose their shelter.

  Price rise

The prices of various cereals, fruits, vegetables are increasing due to low supply and high demand. The prices of foods such as jams, sauces and beverages, especially those made from fruits and vegetables, also increase. In some cases goods are imported from other places to meet the demands of the people. Hence the value of the tax levied on prices is high. Retailers that offer goods and services to farmers face financial losses due to reduced trade.

    Soil erosion

Soil moisture is reduced due to frequent droughts and loss of its quality. Some areas take a lot of time to gain the ability to obtain crops.

    Overall impact on the environment

Damage to the environment is caused by various species of plants and animals. There is a breakdown of landscape quality and biodiversity. The quality of air and water is also affected due to drought. However, some of these conditions can be temporary, long lasting or even permanent.

    Public safety at stake

Lack of food and rising prices of various commodities have led to crimes such as theft and this has put public safety at stake. This can also lead to conflicts between water users, creating tension among people in general.

Drought affected countries

Some of the countries that are prone to drought include Albania, Afghanistan, Armenia, Bahrain, Northeast part of Brazil, Burma, Cuba, Morocco, Iran, China, Bangladesh, Botswana, Sudan, Uganda, Somalia, Eritrea and Ethiopia. .

The conclusion

Drought is one of the most devastating natural disasters. Famine is the most severe form of drought that causes mainly social, economic and environmental damage to the affected areas.


600 Words – Essay on Drought for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Drought is a situation when some areas are facing water scarcity due to little or no rainfall. India has been the cause of many problems. There are many areas in the country that are affected by drought every year while others have to face this situation occasionally. Drought is caused by various factors such as deforestation, global warming and insufficient surface water and has a serious impact on the lives of the people living in the affected areas and on the general balance of the environment.

Drought affected areas in India

Many regions in the country are affected by drought every year. Statistics show that about one sixth of the total geographical area of ​​the country inhabiting about 12% of the population is a drought cell.

Rajasthan is one of the most drought-prone states in the country. Eleven districts in this state are drought affected. These areas receive little or no rainfall and groundwater levels are low. Drought is also a common occurrence in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Every year every district here is affected by drought.

Here is a look at some other areas of the country that face frequent droughts:

  •     Saurashtra and Kutch, Gujarat
  •     Coimbatore in Kerala
  •     Mirzapur Plateau and Palamu, Uttar Pradesh
  •     Kalahandi, Orissa
  •     Purulia, West Bengal
  •     Tirunelveli District, South Waigai River, Tamil Nadu

Possible solutions for drought

   Rainwater harvesting

It is a technique for collecting and storing rainwater in tanks and natural reservoirs so that it can be used later. Rainwater harvesting should be mandatory for all. The idea behind this is to use available water.

    Ocean water desalination

Sea water desalination should be done so that vast amounts of water stored in the sea can be used for the purpose of irrigation and other agricultural activities. The government should invest heavily in this direction.

    Recycle water

Wastewater must be purified and recycled for reuse. This can be done in several ways. Installing rain barrels, collecting waste water from RO systems, using shower buckets, washing vegetables, saving water and creating rain gardens can help in this direction. Water collected by these methods can be used for plants.

    Cloud seeding

Seeding of the clouds is done to modify the weather. This is one way to increase the amount of rainfall. Potassium iodide, silver iodide, and dry ice are some of the chemicals used for the purpose of cloud seeding. The government should invest in cloud seeding to avoid drought-prone areas.

    Plant more and more trees

Deforestation and construction of concrete structures is one of the causes of rare rainfall. Efforts should be made to plant more trees. This simple step can change the climate situation and also bring other positive changes in the environment.

    Proper use of water

Everyone should take the responsibility of preventing this water waste so that sufficient water is available even during low rainfall. Government should take steps to monitor water usage.

    Should run a campaign

The government should campaign about the benefits of saving rain water, plant more trees and take other measures so that the general public can fight the drought. This is a good way to spread awareness and control the problem.

The conclusion

Although the government has made some drought relief schemes, these are not enough to overcome the serious problem of drought. It is important to take strong steps to avoid this problem. To control this problem, each person should contribute.

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