Essay on IPC Section 377 in English for Kids & Students

Essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Short Essay, Speech, Paragraph on Section 377 of Indian Penal Code in English language for 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 or IAS, IPS Banking and other competitive exams.

1 – Essay on Section 377 of Indian Penal Code – 200 Words

Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code came into force at the end of the 19th century during the British rule. A similar act existed in Britain at some time. It was the Buggery Act of 1533 which was passed in the Parliament of England during the reign of Henry VIII. According to this act, unnatural sexual acts were punishable against the will of God. The same was applicable as per Section 377 introduced by the British.

According to Section 377, intercourse between people of the same sex, sex with a minor, superiority and non-consensual sex acts were all unnatural acts and the law had the right to sue anyone who indulged in the same. Many people came forward to fight against this law. A petition was filed to partially amend Section 377. After decades of much slipping, the Supreme Court finally made consensual sex between gay adults on 6 September 2018.

The news was received with joy and enthusiasm by members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community. He celebrated his new independence across the country. Many prominent political leaders and notable Bollywood celebrities came forward in support of the Supreme Court’s decision. However, some groups openly condemned the court’s decision. He said that it was against Indian culture and would destroy our society.

2 -Essay on Section 377 of Indian Penal Code – Who Challenged It?  – 300 Words

Section 377 considered homosexuality unnatural and punishable by law. It mentions having sex with minors, superiority, and non-consensual sexual acts. People from the LGBT community have been under constant stress and despair in India since the introduction of Section 377. Several appeals were made to revise the part criminalizing homosexuality. Many cases were filed and fought in a court of law.

Here is a look at the prominent petitioners who challenged this section of the Indian Penal Code and sought to legalize homosexuality.

AIDS Bedbhav Virodhi Andolan

In the year 1979, AIDS Bedbhav Virodhi Andolan filed a petition for partial repeal of Section 3 partial. This was the first petition filed in this regard.

Naz Foundation (India) Trust

The Naz Foundation, a non-governmental organization, filed a suit in the Delhi High Court in 2001. It appealed to allow consensual intercourse between gay adults. However, the court refused to consider it. The Naz Foundation then approached the Supreme Court of India. The case was referred back to the Delhi High Court for reconsideration.

Navtej Singh Johar

Navtej Singh Johar is a famous Bharatanatyam choreographer. He along with his partner Sunil Mehra filed a petition against Section 377. He claimed that this section violated the right to personal liberty which is against the Indian Constitution. Sunil Mehra echoed the same thoughts. He said that people in India should be given freedom to express their identity.

Ritu Dalmia

The owner of the restaurant chain, Diva in Delhi, Ritu Dalmia also filed a petition against Section 377. Being a lesbian, he decided to fight for the basic rights of people in the LGBT community.

Aman Nath

Aman Nath, the famous architectural restorer who owns the Neemrana chain of hotels, also voiced against the unjust law against the LGBT community. He was in a relationship with his business partner Francis Wakjiarg for more than two decades.

Ayesha Kapoor

Former child artist currently doing a great business in the food and beverage industry, Ayesha Kapoor struggled for gay rights to help the LGBT community find its rightful place in society.

The conclusion

The landmark decision of the Supreme Court that reduced homosexuality was welcomed by all these petitioners as well as other members of the LGBT community.


3 -Essay on Problems Faced by LGBT –  Section 377 of Indian Penal Code  – 400 Words

Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code states that unnatural sexual acts including sex between homosexuals, sex with a minor, superiority and non-consensual sexual acts were illegal and thus punishable under the law. Although those who have sex with minors, superiority, and non-consensual sex acts should certainly be punished, many claimed that criminalizing consensual sex among gay adults is not correct. Appeal against amending section 377. The Supreme Court of India finally decided to reduce homosexuality. The decision was taken on 6 September 2018.

Effects on mental health

Psychologists and doctors agreed that the enforcement of Section 377 took a toll on the mental health of people belonging to the gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community. They faced social stigma and could not express themselves openly. They lived in constant fear of being judged and discriminated against. This led many of them to commit suicide, while others suffered mental torture. Here is a look at the mental health issues presented by members of the LGBT community before the amendment of Section 377 of the Indian Health Department:


Many members of this community could not bear the constant insults and insults being perpetrated by the so-called “normal” sections of society. Many others suppressed their feelings out of fear of exit. This often led to social isolation and much stress which resulted in depression among these people.

Adjustment issues

Relatives, coworkers and people in the neighborhood considered him inferior. It was difficult to accommodate these people in an environment where they were constantly judged and looked down upon.

Relationship issues

Many gays and lesbians in our society were forced to marry people of the opposite sex. He did this only to protect his family’s honor and to carry forward his legacy even though it proved to be a complete torture for him. This decision particularly affected his mind and proved equally bad for his colleagues. They often developed irreversible relationship issues.

The conclusion

People belonging to the LGBT community have suffered much mental torture. The decentralization of homosexuality has come as a relief to members of this community as their fear of being caught has reduced to an extent. However, as the Supreme Court of India has also admitted that it is quite normal and natural for them to feel the way they feel and they have every right to choose their partner, society’s attitude towards them is very high Has not changed. They are trying to make a place for themselves in a society where many people still ridicule them.

4 -Essay on Revocation of Part – Section 377 of Indian Penal Code  – 500 Words

Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code criminalized homosexuality, even though those who experienced sexual orientation towards the same sex said that it was natural for them to do so and could not feel it any other way. Homosexuals remain under constant stress in our society due to the enforcement of Section 377. Transgender has also suffered humiliation. They have been denied jobs and education in the country.

To discourage homosexuality, an appeal was made to the Supreme Court of India so that this section of society can live in peace and respectfully. It was finally heard and acted in September 2018.

Appeal to legalize homosexuality

It was in the year 2009 that the Delhi High Court struck down parts of Section 377 relating to gay sex. However, the Supreme Court of India overturned this decision in December 2013 in the Suresh Kumar Kaushal vs Naz Foundation case.

According to the Supreme Court, it was not his job to amend the section. His consent should be taken in Parliament. The petition submitted by the Naz Foundation was reviewed by a three-member bench on 6 February 2016. It was decided that the other petitions submitted in this regard would be reviewed by a five-member constitutional bench. The five-member bench set up for this consisted of Chief Justice Deepak Mishra and his judicial team. It consisted of justices RF Nariman, AM Khanwilkar, Indu Malhotra and DY Chandrachud.

Supreme Court verdict, September 2018

The right to privacy was upheld as a fundamental right in August 2017 by the Supreme Court. The court held that the protection of sexual orientation is a fundamental right of citizens and the LGBT (gays, lesbians, bisexual and transgender) community has every right to use it. The claims of decriminalizing homosexuality were considered genuine. It was said that they were founded on constitutional principle itself.

On 6 September 2018, the Supreme Court of India declared that the part of Section 377 that views sexual offenses between gay adults as a criminal offense was unjust and unconstitutional. He was named. It was a historic decision. The news came as a breath of fresh air for the LGBT community. It was a declaration to stop discrimination against gays, lesbians, bisexuals and transgenders and create a better society for them.

Members of the LGBT community were overjoyed to hear the news. Festivals took place all over the country. Many members of this community came forward to express their happiness over this decision.

Section 377 remains in force.

The part of section 377 which saw sex with minors, superiority and non-consensual sex offenses, which is still in crime. All these acts are certainly criminal and punishable under the law. Any person who indulges has to face severe punishment which includes imprisonment and heavy fines.

This part of section 377 is necessary to protect the society from forced and unnatural sexual activities.

The conclusion

The Supreme Court of India decision to repeal part of Section 377 criminal homosexuality was welcomed with joy and happiness by a wide section of society.

5 -Essay on Section 377 of Indian Penal Code  – 600 Words

Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code dates back almost a century and a half. The British considered marital relations between people of the same sex as an unnatural act that was against the will of God. This was punishable by law in their country. He introduced Section 377 to establish a similar law in India. Section 377, also considered the best, is a criminal offense for sex with minors and for non-consensual sex offenses and noted that these were punishable by law.

Section 377 part of injustice and inhumanity

Finally, a bench of five judges was formed. It faced a number of petitions claiming that Section 377 violated the basic rights of the LGBT community such as the right to privacy and the right to live a dignified life. It was then unanimously agreed that this community deserves its due respect and respect.

Section 377 was amended and homosexuality discouraged. The Supreme Court held that consensual adult homosexual sex would no longer be considered a crime. Supporting its decision, the court said that sexual orientation is a natural phenomenon and people have no control over it. The news came as a relief to people belonging to the LGBT community.

Reactions to the Supreme Court’s decision on Section 377

The Supreme Court’s decision on Section 377 reduced homosexuality. The decision was well received and was particularly welcomed with joy by members of the LGBT community. However, some sections of society also ridiculed it. Here’s a look at the different types of responses to the judgment:

The CPI (M) appreciated the Supreme Court’s decision. The party leader, Sitaram Yechury, expressed his approval on the same. He said that the LGBT community has been greatly humiliated and deserves this change.

Congress leaders, Rahul Gandhi, Shashi Tharoor and Sachin Pilot also praised the Supreme Court verdict.

BJP spokesperson, Shaina NC said that the party supports the Supreme Court verdict.

Many celebrities of Indian film fraternity like Karan Johar, Aamir Khan, Arjun Kapoor, Rajkumar Rao, Sonam Kapoor and Swara Bhaskar took to social media to welcome the Supreme Court verdict.

The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) said it is also believed that homosexuality is not a crime and the Supreme Court has done the right thing. However, party members also mentioned that they do not support homosexuality as it is against Hindu tradition and culture.

On the other hand, All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB) said that it is wrong to legalize homosexuality according to Indian values. It said that women would face a big problem after this decision and the court would have to pass a bill to protect their rights.

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare opposed the Supreme Court’s decision. It is mentioned that this will cause a major obstacle in their fight against HIV / AIDS.

The Jamaat-e-Islami Hind (JIH) shared the same opinion. It expressed its disappointment over the Supreme Court’s decision through a press statement. Members of this group believe that this will lead to moral degradation. According to him, it would destroy the family system and prove to be a hindrance to the progress of mankind. JIH further said that it would take all measures to oppose this shameful descendant which is against Indian culture.

The conclusion

People in the LGBT community across the country were thrilled at the historic decision passed by the Supreme Court. He danced and expressed his heartfelt joy. He saw a ray of hope. This meant that they could live life on their own terms and not be afraid of being caught for who they were. The partial repeal of Section 377 of the IPC was a victory for the LGBT community, its supporters and activists.

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