Short and Long Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English

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Every child living in India knows him by the name of Bapu. This will help your children to write and give an essay on Mahatma Gandhi in school.

(1) 100 Words – Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Mahatma Gandhi is very famous in India as “Bapu” or “Father of the Nation”. His full name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was a great freedom fighter and led India against British rule like a nationalism leader. He was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. He died on 30 January 1948. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was assassinated by Hindu activist Nathuram Godse, who was later hanged by the Indian government for this. In 1948 he was given another name by Rabindranath Tagore which is “Martyr of the Nation”.


150 Words – Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Mahatma Gandhi is called “Mahatma” for his great works and greatness which he did throughout his life. He was a great freedom fighter and non-violent activist and practiced non-violence throughout his life, when he was a pioneer for India’s independence from British rule. He was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat state, India.

He was just 18 when he was studying law in England. He later went on to study his law in the British Colony of South Africa where he faced discrimination against a person with white skin due to being a dark skinned person. That is why he decided to become a political activist because he could make some positive changes in unfair laws.

He later returned to India and started a powerful and non-violent movement to make India an independent country. It is he who led the Salt Satyagraha or the Dandi March. He inspired many Indians to work against British rule for their freedom.


200 Words – Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Mahatma Gandhi was a great and outstanding personality of India who continues to inspire people of the country and abroad due to his legacy of greatness, idealism and great life. Bapu was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat (India) into a Hindu family. October 2 was an auspicious day for India when Bapu was born. He played a great and unforgettable role for India’s independence from British rule. Bapu’s full name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He went to England to study law after passing his matriculation examination. He later returned to India in 1890 as a lawyer.

After his arrival in India, he started helping the Indian people facing various problems by the British rule. He started a satyagraha movement against British rule to help Indians. Other major movements launched by Bapu for the independence of India are the Non-Cooperation Movement in the year 1920, the Civil Disobedience Movement in the year 1930 and the Quit India Movement in the year 1942. All these movements shook the British rule and inspired Indian common citizens to fight for freedom.


250 Words – Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Bapu, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat, India. Mahatma Gandhi was a great Indian who led the independence movements against British rule. After completing his schooling in India, he moved to England to study law. He returned to India as a lawyer and started practicing law. He started helping the people of India who were despised and humiliated by the British rule.

He started the non-violence freedom movement to fight against the injustice of the British. He was insulted many times but he continued his non-violent struggle for India’s independence. After his return to India, he joined the Indian National Congress as a member. He was a great leader of India’s independence movement who fought a lot for the independence of India. As a member of the Indian National Congress, he launched the Non-Cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement and later Quit India Movement which have become successful one day and helped in getting India independence.

As a great freedom fighter he was arrested and jailed several times, but he continued to fight against British rule for the justice of Indians. He believed strongly in non-violence and unity of people of all religions which he followed during the freedom struggle. After the struggle of many Indians, he finally succeeded in making India an independent country on 15 August 1947. He was later assassinated on 30 January 1948 by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu activist.


300 Words – Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Mahatma Gandhi was a great freedom fighter who spent his entire life in the struggle for India’s independence. He was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat, into a Hindu family. He spent his entire life as a leader of the Indian people. The story of his entire life is a great inspiration for us. He is called Bapu or Father of the Nation because he spent his entire life fighting against British rule to give us freedom. During the fight with the British to get freedom, they took help of weapons like non-violence and Satyagraha movement. He was arrested and jailed several times, but he never discouraged himself and continued to fight for national independence.

He is the real father of our country because he actually used all his powers to free us from British rule. He truly understood the power of unity of people (different castes, religions, communities, caste, age or gender) which he used in all his freedom movement. Finally, through mass movements, he forced the British to leave India completely on 15 August 1947. 1947 to 15 August is celebrated every year as India’s Independence Day.

He could not continue his life after the independence of India in 1947 as he was assassinated on 30 January 1948 by Nathuram Godse, one of the Hindu activists. He was a great personality and spent his entire life for his motherland till death. He enlightened our lives with true light by independence from British rule. He proved that everything is possible with non-violence and unity of people. Even after many years of his death, he is alive in the heart of every Indian as “Bapu and Father of the Nation”.


400 Words – Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Mahatma Gandhi is known as “Father of the Nation” because of his highest contribution to the freedom of our country. These are the ones who believed in non-violence and unity of people and brought spirituality in Indian politics. He called for the removal of untouchability from Indian society, for the upliftment of backward classes in India, for the development of villages for social development, to inspire the Indian people to use indigenous goods and for other social issues. Tried hard He brought the common people to participate in the national movement and inspired them to fight for their true freedom.

He was one of those who changed the dreams of freedom of the people with his noble ideals and supreme sacrifice. He is still remembered for his great work and main qualities such as non-violence, truth, love and brotherhood. He was not born great but he made himself great through his hard struggle and actions. He was greatly influenced by the life of King Harishchandra in a play called Raja Harishchandra. After his schooling, he completed a law degree from England and started his career as a lawyer. He faced many difficulties in his life, but as a great leader he continued to walk.

He started several mass movements on the path of India’s independence such as the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1920, Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930 and finally the Quit India Movement in 1942. After a lot of struggle and work, in the end the British government had to give independence of India. He was a very ordinary person who worked in removing color barrier and caste barrier. He also worked to remove untouchability from Indian society and named the untouchables “Harijan” which means God’s people.

He was a great social reformer and Indian freedom fighter and died after fulfilling his life’s purpose. He inspired the Indian people for manual labor and asked them to arrange all the resources to live a simple life and become self dependent. She started weaving cotton clothes by charkha, to avoid the use of foreign goods and to promote the use of indigenous goods. He was a great supporter of agriculture and inspired people to do agricultural work. He was a spiritual person and brought spirituality to Indian politics. He died on 30 January 1948 and his body was cremated at Rajghat, New Delhi. January 30 is celebrated every year in India as Martyr’s Day to pay tribute to them.


1000 Words – Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Nonviolence is a policy in which there is no attempt to hurt anyone knowingly or unknowingly. It is the policy that was aired by great figures like Gautama Buddha and Mahavir Swami and Mahatma Gandhi was one of the famous people who followed the policy of non-violence. He used non-violence policy as a weapon to fight the British rule. This was the result of his efforts, which finally gave us freedom after so many struggles.

Role of non-violence policy in Indian independence struggle

After the arrival of Mahatma Gandhi in the freedom struggle of India, the importance of non-violence was greatly increased. However, at the same time there were many violent freedom struggles in the country, the importance of which cannot be denied in any way. Under these freedom struggles, many freedom fighters in our country attained martyrdom while fighting the British rule.

But Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violence movement was a movement in which peaceful demonstrations were performed for the complete independence of the country. Mahatma Gandhi used the path of non-violence in every movement. Some of these important themes of the Ahimsa movement are mentioned below, which shook the foundation of the British rule.

    Champaran and Kheda movement

In 1917, the farmers of Champaran were forced by the British to cultivate indigo and sell it to the British government at a fixed price. In protest against which Mahatma Gandhi started a movement non-violently, in which the British were eventually forced to accept his demands. His movement was known as Champaran movement.

Along with this, in 1918, Kheda village of Gujarat faced a severe flood. Due to which the problem of catastrophic famine arose in that region. Even after such a severe crisis, the British government was not ready to give any kind of exemption or help in taxes to the people. Then Gandhiji started a non-violent non-cooperation movement in protest against this, which eventually forced the administration to accept his demands and people were ready to give tax exemption, this movement of Mahatma Gandhi was known as Kheda Satyagraha. goes.

    Non-Cooperation Movement

The non-cooperation movement started in 1920 due to the brutal policies of the British and the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. It was a non-violent movement started against the British rule. Gandhiji believed that the British succeeded in ruling India only because they got the support of Indians. Therefore, he asked people to co-operate with the British rule. Recognizing these things, people started resigning from posts such as teachers, administrative system and other government posts under the English government.

Along with this, people started adopting indigenous goods, boycotting English textiles and items. The Non-Cooperation Movement was a movement in which no weapon was used and not a single strand of blood was shed, yet it shook the foundation of the British rule.

    Salt Satyagraha (Dandi March)

The Dandi Yatra, also known as the Salt Satyagraha, was a journey initiated by Mahatma Gandhi, under which he opposed the law of heavy tax on salt.

Gandhiji started the Dandi March on 12 March 1930 in protest against the British government’s monopoly on salt, the yatra started from Sabarmati Ashram and ended 26 days later on 6 April 1930 at Dandi, a coastal village in Gujarat. Under which the salt law of the British Government was disregarded and people started making and selling salt locally. Salt Satyagraha was a non-violent movement, which attracted the attention of the whole world and strengthened the dream of independent India.

    Quit India Movement

The success of the Salt Satyagraha shook the foundation of the British rule. Quit India movement was started by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942 to drive the British out of India. It was the time of World War II, and Britain was already embroiled in a war with Germany. At this time, Bapu’s Quit India Movement made matters even more complicated for the British rule.

Due to this movement many civil disobedience movements started across the country and Indians also started demanding to separate themselves from World War II. The Quit India Movement had so much influence, that the British government had to promise independence to India after the war ended. In a way, the Quit India movement proved to be the last nail in the coffin of the British Raj in India.

The movements launched by Mahatma Gandhi were completely non-violent and no weapon was ever used in them. The impact of truth and the power of non-violence was so much in his movements that it attracted the attention of the entire world towards the Indian freedom struggle. Along with this, it also made people aware of the harsh policies and laws of English rule at the international level.

The conclusion

Mahatma Gandhi believed that weapons and non-violence could not solve any problem. On the contrary, it reduces the problems and increases the space, violence is a means of spreading hatred, fear and anger among people. He believed that without taking up arms through the path of non-violence, we can conquer even stronger enemies than ourselves.

Apart from the freedom struggle, there are many such incidents in modern India, which explain the importance of non-violence to us and tell us how many major changes can be brought in society without a single strand of blood. We can hope that the day is not far when there will be no violence in the world and we will solve every problem peacefully without causing any harm to anyone and without a single drop of blood and this is what Mahatma Gandhi would do from our side. Will be true tribute.

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