Long & Short Essay on Biodiversity in English

In this article you will find long and short Essay, Paragraph, Article on Biodiversity – Significance of Biodiversity, Types of Biodiversity and Its Conservation, Importance and Threats to Biodiversity in Englishf or nursery essay, lkg essay, ukg essay, 1st to 12th, IAS, IPS Banking and other competitive exams essay and more. Essay of 250, 400 & 600 words for kids and students in Very Simple & Easy Words.

Biodiversity refers to the presence of various species of plants, animals, reptiles, birds, etc. on a particular land. It includes every organism that is alive. Biodiversity is very important for maintaining the ecological balance of a place.


250 Words – Essay on Biodiversity for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

As the name itself suggests, biodiversity is diversity in biology at one place. And the term biology includes everything that has been there naturally. It includes all living species and fauna in a region.

Importance of biodiversity

Productive importance

Biodiversity at one place produces a good number of products for humans. Various fruits, herbs and other products are used and sold by humans for survival. It also contains many natural resources like water etc., which are very important for sustenance of life for animals and humans.

Economic importance

The biodiversity of a place provides bread and butter to many people. People like farmers and small traders are closely related to biodiversity, they produce and trade the products offered by biodiversity, so as to sustain their lives.

Ecological importance

Biodiversity is very important for maintaining the ecological balance of a place. If the biodiversity of a place is disturbed then ecology will occur because all species are interdependent. If for some reason the same species becomes extinct, it is bound to influence others.

The conclusion

Biodiversity is the heart of the planet and should be protected in the same way. Without biodiversity, there would be no life and almost all species would go extinct. In addition it provides very useful resources necessary for survival. To ensure the safe future of the planet and its species it is our ultimate duty to conserve biodiversity.


400 Words – Essay on Biodiversity for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Biodiversity refers to all the diverse life forms that exist on the planet. However, the spread of biodiversity across the planet is not uniform and it is found in abundance in areas covered by dense forests. For example, biodiversity is found more in tropical regions than in other parts of the Earth.

Types of Biodiversity

There are three types of biodiversity levels as described below-

Genetic diversity

Genetic diversity includes different genes in all animals, reptiles, plants, fungi, etc. of the same species. Among the importance of genetic diversity is the development of some species, which adapt to changes in environmental conditions, good for agricultural productivity.

Species diversity

Species diversity accounts for the number of species in a specified area. The species has a greater variance per unit area, and this place is said to have greater diversity.

Ecosystem diversity

Ecological diversity is related to the diversity that exists between different ecosystems, habitats, and biological communities.

Preservation methods

Biodiversity is threatened by habitat destruction, exploitation of resources, pollution etc., so it is necessary that its conservation should begin with removing these barriers. Biodiversity can flourish only if unnecessary and severe destruction of forests is prevented; If people use available resources wisely; If pollution is dealt with by a stringent solution. If these conditions are not met, then it is not possible to conserve biodiversity.

However, the following measures can be taken to conserve biodiversity –

  • Variety of plants, insects, animals, reptiles etc. should be preserved in safe places, if they become extinct.
  • Biodiversity rich areas should be declared biodiversity reserves and human access should be for research purposes only.
  • Any illicit trade of wildlife species, extinct or otherwise, should be highly restricted and punishable by law.
  • All natural resources – water, air, food, etc. must be adequately utilized and conserved.
  • Pollution should be stopped at all levels and necessary steps should be taken to end its effects on the biodiversity of the region.

The conclusion

Biodiversity is very essential for the ecological balance and survival of its entire species. It is very important that it should be preserved at all costs with full effort. If biodiversity is not preserved then the day is not far when its existence on the planet becomes so difficult that it becomes lifeless and dry.


600 Words – Essay on Biodiversity for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Biodiversity, as the name indicates, is the diversity of life and species present on the planet. All species of plants, animals, reptiles, insects, aquatic life etc. constitute the biodiversity of a particular place. Biodiversity is not evenly distributed on the planet and is found untouched by humans in forests and areas.

Importance of biodiversity

Each species found on the planet is important for the ecological balance of the planet. Every living species, along with humans, depends on each other.

If one species becomes extinct or becomes extinct it affects others as well. For example, birds play an important role in the conservation of biodiversity. They feed on fruits, resulting in scattering of seeds on the ground. This leads to the growth of new plants and the cycle continues.

If birds go extinct, the number of new plants that sprout will decrease significantly; Therefore, affecting the biodiversity of the place. In addition, humans also depend, to a large extent, on biodiversity for their food supplies. Food, crops, fruits, ground water etc. are gifts of biodiversity for all mankind. If biodiversity gets damaged then we will be left without food and the planet will become lifeless and useless.

Threat to biodiversity

Today, biodiversity is threatened by many human activities. Some of the threats to biodiversity are listed below-


Encroachment into a forested area includes civil construction of vast proportions for commercial purposes. The construction of buildings, houses, factories, etc., permanently destroy the biodiversity of the place. Biodiversity does not offer a chance against concrete construction and therefore goes extinct.

Agricultural activities

Agricultural activities are another major threat to biodiversity. The agricultural industry is the fastest growing industry as the continuous increase in population increases the demand for food production. This, in turn, leads to encroachment of forests. The desired area has been approved for agricultural activities; Therefore, there was a loss of biodiversity.

Roads and Railways

The construction of roads and railway lines through a forest area is very common and one of the major causes of loss of biodiversity. Both are large projects requiring a large area of ​​forest land to be cleared. In addition, regular transport through these means also disturbs the biodiversity of the region.

Drain of resources

In view of the increasing population rate in the world, today drainage of water on our natural resources is inevitable. These natural resources are an integral part of biodiversity and play an important role in its conservation. Any disturbance in the natural resource reserve is bound to shock the biodiversity of that region. As such, human beings cannot survive without natural resources, so other species also cannot survive without them.

Environmental pollution

Environmental pollution is another serious threat to the biodiversity of a region. Pollution can come in many forms, water pollution, air pollution, soil pollution, etc. all have their own causes and consequences. Pollution has become the most immediate threat to biodiversity and life today. It threatens every form of life on the affected area. In addition, pollution has become a global concern, posing a threat to large biodiversity reserves on the planet. If pollution is not effectively contained then it will be difficult to save biodiversity.

The conclusion

Biodiversity is very important for life on the planet. In fact the planet with its biodiversity reserves will be nothing but a lifeless ball of dry and pollen lands. Each species in a biodiversity reserve is interdependent and if one becomes extinct, sooner or later others will follow. Therefore, all biodiversity reserves should be protected at all costs by taking necessary steps.

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