Long & Short Essay on A.P.J. Abdul Kalam in English

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APJ Abdul Kalam is an abbreviation for Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, who was the 11th President of India and also a great scientist associated with missile and satellite technology. He is remembered today as the ‘Missile Man’ of India and the ‘President of the people’.


600 Words – Essay on A.P.J. Abdul Kalam for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

APJ Abdul Kalam is an abbreviation for Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, who was the 11th President of India. So far, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was the most popular President of India, mostly among the youth. His contribution to India’s scientific and strategic development is unprecedented.

Childhood and education

Shri Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. He was born in a local mosque to a boat owner and an imam Zainulbadin and his wife Aashiyamma. Kalam was the youngest of four brothers and a sister. He had a difficult and poverty-ridden childhood and worked as a newspaper hawker to keep up with his family’s expenses as well as his own studies.

Mr. Kalam was average in studies in childhood but was known among the teachers for having a keen desire to learn. He spent a lot of time studying, especially mathematics, a subject he loved.

He did his early schooling at Schwartz Higher Secondary School in Ramanathapuram after which he attended St. Joseph’s College in Tiruchirappalli. From there, he obtained a bachelor’s degree in physics in 1954.

Subsequently, Mr. Kalam enrolled in the Madras Institute of Technology to study aerospace engineering.

Career as a scientist

Mr. Kalam wanted to become a fighter pilot in the Indian Air Force. After obtaining a degree in aerospace engineering from the Madras Institute of Technology in 1960, he applied to the Air Force to become a fighter pilot, but missed the opportunity with just a mustache. He finished ninth in the qualifier while only eight places; Perhaps destiny had something else for him.

Even after remembering his life dream so closely, Mr. Kalam did not lose faith in his abilities and became a scientist at DRDO (Defense Research and Development Organization). It turned out that Mr. Kalam was not very satisfied with his job at DRDO.

In 1969, he was transferred to ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization). He then became the project director of India’s first satellite launch vehicle (SLV-III), successfully deploying the Rohini satellite in 1980.

Apart from this, Kalam also worked on several ballistic missile projects during the 1970s to 1990s. Supported and funded by the central government, aerospace projects under Mr. Kalam’s direction were highly successful in bringing him name and fame during the 1980s.

Mr. Kalam also served as the Chief Scientific Advisor to the Prime Minister of India from July 1992 to December 1999. During this period he also served as the director of the Defense Research and Development Organization. He was also the chief project coordinator of the Pokhran-2 nuclear power test held in May 1998.

Political career

Kalam’s name was first proposed to the President of India in June 2002 by the ruling NDA (National Democratic Alliance) government. His candidature was supported by other parties such as the Indian National Congress and the Samajwadi Party.

Former President, K.R. Narayanan also decided not to run for re-election for the presidency, making the ground clear for Kalam. Kalam’s only rival was freedom fighter and Azad Hind Fauj veteran, Lakshmi Sehgal. Mrs. Sehgal; The Communist Party of India (CPI), Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI (M)), Revolutionary Socialist Party and All India Forward Bloc – had the support of four leftist parties.

However, the election was unilateral due to Kalam’s popularity and skill. She won the 2002 presidential election and secured 922,884 voters, against her rival Lakshmi Sehgal’s 107,366 votes.

Kalam was sworn in as the 11th President of India on 25 July 2002 and his term ended on 25 July 2007.

The conclusion

Mr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was a highly talented scientist, an administrative and political visionary. His contribution to India’s scientific development is unprecedented.


400 Words – Essay on A.P.J. Abdul Kalam for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

APJ Abdul Kalam was the 11th President of India, having previously held several strategically important positions in scientific organizations. He played an important role in many missile programs in India.

The missile man of India

During his four decades of career at DRDO (Defense Research and Development Organization) and ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization), Mr. Kalam was deeply involved in the missile development efforts of the Indian Army.

He was instrumental in the development of ballistic missiles during Project Devil and Project Valiant. He was also very closely involved with the launch vehicle technology of the Indian Army. He made commendable efforts for the successful launch of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III). His contribution to India’s missile development programs earned him the ‘Missile Man of India’.

Youth icon

Mr. Kalam remained a bachelor all his life. His simplicity, scientific prowess and inspiring dialogue have made him a popular figure among the youth. Despite all his abilities and senior scientific positions, which he held at heart, he was still a child and a student. Perhaps, this unique quality of his personality made him extremely popular with the youth, who saw him as their icon.

After serving as the President of India, Mr. Kalam went back to the youth and started spending more time visiting schools and colleges. He went on to become a visiting professor at several prestigious institutions including Indian Professor Shillong, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad and Indian Institute of Management Indore.

He was in the role of a teacher and taught information technology at the International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad; Banaras Hindu University (BHU) and Anna University.

Mr. Kalam also wrote several books based on his experiences with school and college students. In his books, he describes the youth how to chase dreams and believe in one’s own abilities under the adversity of circumstances. Wings of Fire, Ignited Minds, Mission India, Iring Inspiring Thoughts are some of his popular books. The children as well as the college students had great respect for Mr. Kalam and considered him his ideal.

The conclusion

APJ Abdul Kalam was by far the most popular President of India. His innocent smile and simplistic attitude made him extremely popular among the youth of the nation. Even to this day, he is remembered for his interactive sessions in schools and colleges in which he spoke to inspire students and youth.


250 Words – Essay on A.P.J. Abdul Kalam for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

APJ Abdul Kalam was the 11th President of India. Before becoming the President of India, Mr. Kalam held key scientific positions in the Government of India and organizations such as DRDO and ISRO. For his commendable contribution to India’s missile development programs, he was called the ‘Missile Man of India’.

Democratic president

Ironically, Mr. Kalam was more famous for his other achievements, as he was for the presidency. He was a great scientist with an admirable career of four decades; Apart from this, he had a unique simplicity and innocence that allows him to connect with people, students and youth instantly.

Although a Muslim by birth; Kalam’s popularity goes beyond religious beliefs. He was loved and respected by people of all religious backgrounds. Throughout his life, he remained a pure vegetarian despite being a Muslim. He completely remembered the Hindu epic wad Bhagavad Gita ‘and his favorite musical instrument was’ Veena’, which he was really good at.

It was perhaps this selfless attitude and an unbiased attitude towards other religions that has made him popular among all factions of society. He was the President of the people and remained so till his last breath. Mr. Kalam breathed his last on 27 July 2015 while interacting with the students of Indian Institute of Management, Shillong.

The conclusion

Mr. Kalam was by far the most popular President of India. He was called the President of the people because the people were able to connect with his simplicity and conduct of peace. During his scientific and political life, Mr. Kalam worked tirelessly to uplift Indian technology as well as inspire the youth.

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