Long and Short Essay on Jainism in English

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Jainism (/ˈdʒeɪnɪzəm/), traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.

After going through these jainism essay you will know about this religion. Through these essays you will learn about the rituals and beliefs of Jainism. You will also know about the Tirthankaras and their works.


100 Words – Essay on Jainism for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Jainism is counted among the major religions of the world, originating in India and most followers of Jainism live in India and its neighboring countries. The founders of Jainism had attained Kaivalya knowledge, it is considered to be a Tirthankara.

There are 24 Tirthankaras in Jainism, of which Rishabhdev, Parshvanath and Mahavir Swami are the main ones. The 24th and last Tirthankara Mahavir Swami established the Jain Sangha at Pavapuri for the promotion of Jainism. After preaching Jainism for 30 years, at the age of 72, he sacrificed his body at the concourse of King Hastipal at Pavapuri near Rajgir; His death is called nirvana in Jainism.


150 Words – Essay on Jainism for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Jainism was born in the Vedic period. The religious gurus of Jainism are known as Tirthankaras. There were 24 Tirthankaras in the Jain tradition. Rishabhdev was the first Tirthankara and is also described in the Rigveda. The 23rd Tirthankara was Parshvanath. He opposed Vedic rituals and deities. He preached truth, non-violence, astheya and aparigraha. The last Tirthankara Mahavir Swami added a fifth vow named Brahmacharya (Brahmacharya) to it.

Jainism is divided into two sects, they are Shvetambara and Digambara. The followers of Shwetabhu (Shatulabhadra) wearing white clothes are called Shvetambaras, while the followers of Bhadrabahu who do not wear clothes are called Digambaras.

In Jain philosophy, there are considered to be three sources of enlightenment, those are the words of clear, conjecture and Tirthankara. According to Jainism, things are of infinite quality and religion. From their own point of view, each statement is true, but none of the statements are true. Jainism believes in the principles of karma and rebirth, but has not accepted the authenticity of the Vedas and has opposed animal sacrifice.


200 Words – Essay on Jainism for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

“Ahimsa Paramo Dharma” is the basic mantra in Jainism. Mahavir Swami is called the twenty-fourth Tirthankara of Jainism. All their major religious leaders in Jainism have been called Tirthankaras with numbers.

Lord Mahavira is considered the originator of Jainism, but the Tirthankara Rishabhdev is truly credited with establishing this religion.

Followers of Jainism believe in twenty four Tirthankaras. Sri Parshvanath was the twenty-third and Mahavir Swami was the twenty-fourth Tirthankara. Parshvanath was born about the seventh century BC. He had an important contribution in advancing Jainism. Mahatma Parshvanath worked to popularize Jainism from all angles.

After that Mahavir Swami came. He reformed in every way and gave life to Jainism. He greatly influenced the public with his teachings. Influenced by his teachings, most people accepted Jainism.

Followers of Jainism live in a very straightforward and simple way. These people attach great importance to religion in their lives. The goal of life is to consider moksha. Moksha means to become free from the movement of the soul in the world.

Followers of Jainism believe that moksha or salvation is attained when man is freed from the bondage of karma. This is the reason that Jain people adopt three methods of attaining salvation, which are Samyak Darshan, Samyak Jnana and Samyak Charitra.


250 Words – Essay on Jainism for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Jainism is one of the ancient religions. Jainism refers to the religion of Jin. Not to commit violence is the basic principle of Jainism. Even in the symbolism of Jainism, one can see that non-violence is written on a palm. That is, this religion represents non-violence towards all.


According to Jainism, there is no one to run this world, beings get happiness and sorrow according to their deeds. The fruit will be provided like the karma of life. Non-violence and karma are prominent in the doctrine of Jainism.

24 tirthankaras

There are a total of 24 Tirthankaras of Jainism, who preached Jainism. This religion was started by Shri Rishabhdev Adinathji. The description of Rishabhdev is also found in the Rigveda. This means that Jainism existed before the Vedas. Sri Parshvanath and Sri Mahavir were the 23rd 24th chief gurus of Jainism, who brought this religion to its top in their time.

Two sects of jainism

Jainism has two sects – Digambara, and Shvetambara. Digambara Rishi remains naked and his idols are also naked. It is divided into three parts – Taranpanth, Terapanth and Bespenth.

On the other hand, in Shvetambara Jain, monks and saints wear white clothes. They are divided into two parts – Derawasi and Stankavasi. Charanakwasi also has two parts – Bayas Panthi and Tera Panthi.

There are texts by both Digambara Jain and Shvetambara Jain. In which Tattva and Kalpasutra are famous. In our country, Jainism also has a separate place with different religions which gives the message of non-violence, karma and polytheism.


300 Words – Essay on Jainism for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Jainism is one of the ancient religions derived from the Shramana tradition of India. Jainism means ‘religion promoted by Jin’. Jain literally means destroyer of deeds and a follower of ‘Jin God’.

The 24th Tirthankara Mahavira rejected the monopoly of the Vedas and objected to the Vedic rituals. He advocated moral values ​​of life. According to Mahavira, the doctrine of asceticism and renunciation is associated with the practice of fasting, nudity and other measures of self-torture.

Due to the rise of Jainism

In the 6th century BC, there was a state of religious unrest in India. The complex rituals and sacrifices that followed the Vedic period were very expensive and not acceptable by the general public. The rise of the priests had led to the birth of a tradition of superstition and elaborate rituals, further complicating the situation.

At that time the rigid caste system fueled the smoke. Vaishya’s economic condition improved due to the growth of business. As a result, they wanted to improve their social status in the varna system. Therefore he supported the newly emerging religion i.e. Jainism.

Spread of jainism

Jainism spread under Chandragupta Maurya, Kharvela the ruler of Kalinga and the royal dynasties of South India such as Ganga, Kadamba, Chalukya and Rashtrakuta.

The last Tirthankara, Lord Mahavira, streamlined the religion and tradition of the Tirthankaras. He taught the principles of Ahimsa, Anantism, Syedism, Aparigraha and self-freedom.

The first Jain Sangha was organized in the third century BCE. It was held at Pataliputra, which was presided over by Stalabahu, the leader of Diglabar. Second Jain Sangha was organized in Vallabhi in the 5th century AD. The ‘twelve organs’ were compiled in this council.

The conclusion

Jainism attacked orthodox religious practices through non-religious ideology. Jainism describes a simple, small and easy way of liberation for the convenience of the people. Ahimsa is the basic principle of Jainism. In Jain philosophy, the creator is free of particles; No one is the doer of this world or any creature.


300 Words – Essay on Jainism for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Jainism, the oldest religion in the world is called the religion of Shramans. The first Tirthankara Rishabhanath is mentioned in the Vedas. Ahimsa is the basic principle of Jainism. Unfit body, pure vegetarian food and calm speech are the first hallmarks of Jain followers. Even others of Jainism accept only pure vegetarian food and remain very conscious of their religion.

History of jainism

Followers of Jainism believe that their religion is eternal. Generally, there is a belief among the people that Jainism must have originated in those ancient traditions, which were prevalent in this country before the arrival of the Aryans. But even if seen after the arrival of the Aryans, the tradition of Rishabhdev and Arishthanemi of Jainism reaches the Vedas.

Records of Emperor Ashoka suggest that during his time Jainism was preached in Magadha. During this time, differences started in Jain saints, who settled in monasteries or not, idols of Tirthankaras should be dressed or kept in a naked state.

There was also a difference of opinion on whether Jain saints should wear clothes or not. Later, the differences increased. In the first century CE, Jain saints were divided into two groups. One part was called ‘Shvetambara’ and the other side was called ‘Digambara’.

The difference between the two sects ‘Shvetambara’ and ‘Digambara’ is more about character than philosophical principles. Digambara is considered more rigid in practice, while Shvetambara is somewhat lenient. The sages of the Shvetambara sect wear white robes, while the Digambara sages live without clothes and practice meditation.

This rule only applies to monks. The Digambara sect believes that upon attaining ‘Am Kaivalya Gyan’, the original Agam texts have disappeared. A perfect person does not require food and ‘Kaivalya Gyan’ is not possible from the female body; But the Svetambara sect does not believe so.

The conclusion

Jainism is not a religion based on scripture. Lord Mahavira gave only discourses. He did not write any scripture, but later his republics collected his amrit statements and sermons. This collection is originally in Prakrit language and especially Magadhi.


400 Words – Essay on Jainism for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

Jain monk Tarun Sagar died recently. He was 51 years old. Jain monks said that they had taken Santhara and they had given up food before that. After this the discussion about Santhara started. Many opposed Santhara and termed it a suicide, many also appeared in support. Now it becomes important to know the meaning of Santhara and the controversy surrounding it.

What does Santhara mean?

There is a belief in Jainism that when a person or a Jain monk lives his life fully and the body stops supporting him, he can take santhara at that time. Santhara is also called authoring. Santhara is a religious resolution. The person then sacrifices food and suffers death.

Justice T. K. Tukol, who believes in Jainism, has interpreted the word Santhara in his book Is Authoring Is Not Suicide. The purpose of Santhara is said to be self-purification. This is solved. To be free from the bondage of karma is the purpose of human birth. Santhara helps in this purpose.

According to religion, only religious leaders can allow a person to be supported. After his permission, the person sacrifices food. Sastra is recited and preached around the person. Many people come to meet that person and seek his blessings. The death of a person who takes Santhara is called Samadhi death. His body is seated in Padmasana and a procession is taken out.

Controversy over Santhara

Santhara is a matter of faith in Jainism but some people oppose this practice. It is said that from a humanistic point of view this practice is a form of suicide.

In 2006, Nikhil Soni filed a public interest litigation against Santhara. The petition stated that the practice of Santhara is similar to suicide and should not be recognized in modern times.

Court verdict

In 2015, the Rajasthan High Court decided on this petition. The court called the Santhara system illegal. The court also said that even though it is said in the scriptures that salvation is obtained from Santhara, it is not the only way to attain salvation. Those who inspire or support that person to take santhara will be held guilty as per Section 306 of IPC.

The conclusion

But this decision of the High Court has been challenged in the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court has allowed the practice of Santhara to continue, postponing the decision of the High Court.


500 Words – Essay on Jainism for Kids & Students in Very Easy Words

The word Jain originated from the word. In Jainism, gin means wins. The one who has won himself is called Jeetendriya. Following the tradition of the Kulkars, there have been a total of 63 great men in Jainism, with twenty-four Tirthankaras, twelve Chakravartis, nine Balabhadras, nine Vasudeva and nine per Vasudeva respectively.

Brief introduction to the antiquity and history of Jainism:

Jainism is the oldest religion in the world, which is called the religion of the Shramans. The first Tirthankara Rishabhanath is mentioned in the Vedas. It is believed that the Yati and Vrati mentioned in Vedic literature belonged to the Shramana tradition rather than the Brahmin tradition.

In the manuscript, Kshatriyas such as Lichchavi, Nath, Malla, etc. are counted among the vratis. The tradition of Shramans was going on with those who followed the Vedas. This tradition never existed in organized form till Lord Parshvanath. The Parsvnath sect started from Parshvanath and got an organized form of this tradition. Lord Mahavira belonged to the Parsvnath sect.

Jainism has its origins in the ancient traditions of India. There is also a description of the tradition of Jainism in the Aryan period about Rishabhdev and Arishtanemi. Neminath was the head of this religion in the Mahabharata period. Arishta Neminath, the 22nd Tirthankara of Jainism, was a cousin of Lord Krishna. Jainism has included Krishna among its Triyastha Shalaka men, who are one of the twelve Narayana. It is believed that Krishna will be the first Tirthankara of the Jains in the next Chaubasi.

In the eighth century BC, the 23rd Tirthankara Parshvanath was born in Kashi. The 11th Tirthankara Shreyansanath was also born near Kashi. Sarnath’s name is prevalent in his name. This tradition never existed in organized form till Lord Parshvanath. The Parsvnath cult originated from Parshvanath and the tradition received an organized form. Lord Mahavir also formed the Parshvanath sect.

In 599 BCE, the last Tirthankara Lord Mahavira streamlined the religion and tradition of the Tirthankaras and paved the way to Kaivalya. The sangha system was created as muni, aryika, shravaka and shravika. This is called their Chaturvigha Sangha. Lord Mahavira died at the age of 72.

In the first century BCE, King Kharvel of Kalinga accepted Jainism. In the early period of Christ, Mathura in North India and Mysore in South India were very important centers of Jainism.

The Ganga, Kadambu, Chalukya and Rashtrakuta dynasties of the South contributed significantly to the promotion of Jainism from the fifth to the twelfth centuries. Many Jain saints and poets took refuge and help there. Around the eleventh century, King Siddharaj and his son Kumarapala of the Chalukya dynasty declared Jainism as Rajdharma and it was widely publicized in Gujarat.

The conclusion

During the Mughal rule, Hindu, Jain and Buddhist temples were targeted by invading Muslims and about 70 percent of the temples were destroyed. In the atmosphere of panic, the monastery of the Jains slowly began to crumble and disintegrate, but still the people of the society remained organized and saved Jainism. The people of Jainism have made a very significant contribution in developing Indian culture, civilization and society.

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